What is participatory action-research (PAR)?  PAR is an alternative research methodology that combines research, educational work, and social action.  This type of research is viewed as a form of social action because community members identify the issues and these are used as the basis for increasing literacy skills.  The issue or problem that is identified by the group is studied in a collaborative manner.  Therefore, the project serves many purposes.  The participants acquire literacy skills while they take action in critiquing and resolving relevant issues.